Goal 9: Industry, Innovation & Infrastructure
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
Develop sustainable, resilient and inclusive infrastructures
Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all.
Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization
Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries.
Increase access to financial services and markets
Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets.
Upgrade all industries and infrastructures for sustainability
By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities.
Enhance research and upgrade industrial technologies
Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending.
Facilitate sustainable infrastructure development for developing countries
Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States.
Support domestic technology development and industrial diversification
Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities.
Universal access to information and communications technology
Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020.
Inclusive and sustainable industrialization is a key driver of development by increasing economic productivity, creating jobs and generating income leading to a reduction in poverty and overall economic growth. Industrialization also encourages greater investment in skills development and education thereby providing opportunities for the advancement of social inclusion goals such as women and youth empowerment.
Innovation and technological progress are key to finding lasting solutions. Globally, investment in research and development (R&D) as a proportion of GDP increased from 1.5 per cent in 2000 to 1.7 percent in 2015. In communications infrastructure, more than half of the world’s population is now online and almost the entire world population lives in an area covered by a mobile network.
of the world’s population is now online
In 2018, 96 percent of the world’s population lived within reach of a mobile-cellular signal, and 90% of people could access the Internet through a third-generation (3G) or higher-quality network.
Targets for SDG 9 consist of developing quality, sustainable, and resilient infrastructure such as sustainable transport and digital technologies. This includes regional and transborder infrastructure in order to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all.
By 2030, this goal aims to upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities.
The Intelligent Cities Project
Helping cities understand and forecast how AI will shape their future
Through this program, we are building the Urban Assessment Tool for city administrations to understand the areas where AI will likely affect their specific region and population in the coming years.
The recommendations will include assessment areas like urban planning and development, education, energy, and healthcare services. Learn more about the program and Urban Assessment Tool here.
Artificial Intelligence, Firm Growth, and Industry Concentration
By Tania Babina, Anastassia Fedyk, Alex Xi He & James Hodson
Which firms invest in artificial intelligence (AI) technologies, and how do these investments affect individual firms and industries? The paper provides a comprehensive picture of the use of AI technologies and their impact among US firms over the last decade, using a unique combination of job postings and individual-level employment profiles. It also introduces a novel measure of investments in AI technologies based on human capital and document that larger firms with higher sales, markups, and cash holdings tend to invest more in AI.
This study investigates the effect of the latest wave of economic globalization on manufacturing employment in developing countries.
Gives graphs as well as country highlights relevant to survey results.
Provides maps, charts, data sets, infographics, and other visual resources based on their research in many global areas including: resources, energy, sustainability, climate-change, environmental conservation.
The World Bank conducts and makes publicly available analytical and research work that underpins their understanding of global challenges and priorities.
The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans and grants to the governments of poorer countries for the purpose of pursuing capital projects. It comprises two separate institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), and the International Development Association (IDA).
WRI’s research helps integrate environmental sustainability and business strategy. The organization’s Corporate Consultative Group (CCG) brings together over 30 leading companies to advance business practices that mitigate risks and support sustainable growth.
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