The richest 1% earn 22% of the total global income.


Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities

Reduce inequality within and among countries.


Reduce income inequalities

By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average.


Promote universal social, economic and political inclusion

By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status.


Ensure equal opportunities and end discrimination

Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard.


Adopt fiscal and social policies that promote equality

Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality.


Improved regulation of global financial markets and institutions

Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations.


Enhanced representation for developing countries in financial institutions

Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions.


Responsible and well-managed migration policies

Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies.


Special and differential treatment for developing countries

Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements.


Encourage development assistance and investment in least developed countries

Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes.


Reduce transaction costs for migrant remittances

By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent.

Current Situation

Reducing inequalities and ensuring that all nations and citizens have equal access to global resources and opportunities, regardless of race, age, gender, sexuality, disability, and other identity categories, are integral to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

Despite some positive signs toward reducing inequality, such as reducing income inequality in some countries, inequality still persists. In 2016, 22 percent of global income was received by the top 1% compared with 10% of income for the bottom 50%.

The global wealth share of the top 1% was 33% in 2016. Income inequality requires global solutions. This involves improving the regulation and monitoring of financial markets and institutions, encouraging development assistance, and directing investments to regions where the need is greatest.

22 %

of global income was received by the top 1% in 2016

10 %

of global income is shared among the poorest 50%

Impact Opportunity

In order to work toward broader equity, this SDG works to ensure equal opportunities and end discrimination by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies, and practices.

Countries and organizations must all work toward accomplishing responsible and well-managed migration policies through the facilitation of orderly, safe, and responsible migration of peoples. Along this similar thread, it is important to implement reduced costs for migrant remittances to less than 3% of the transaction cost. 

The reduced inequality goal also seeks to promote universal social, economic, and political inclusion. By 2030, we should be able to empower and promote the social, economic, and political inclusion of all across age, sex, race, ethnicity, and other identity categories.

By 2030, we should be able to empower and promote the social, economic, and political inclusion of all.


Sustainable AI Policy

Engineering AI Policy with zero footprint

The AI for Good Foundation collaborates with governments, policy groups, think tanks, and nonprofits to assist in developing AI policy frameworks for regional, national, and international governmental agencies.

By helping developing nations design a Sustainable AI Policy, we are equipping them with the tools to increase the communication capacity of their urban and rural communities while being economically competitive on the international stage.

Learn more about our Sustainable AI Policy initiative here.

Workforce, Diversity & AI

Exploring AI's potential to bring diversity, inclusivity and transparency

AI for Good and our partners are directly involved with tackling discrimination in the workforce with the application of AI and Machine Learning.

Program Focus

  • Research at the interface of labor economics and AI
  • Open data, company diversity metrics, and scorecards
  • Policy work leveraging AI to boost economic growth


Shared Datasets

A global Artificial Intelligence (AI) repository to identify AI related projects, research initiatives, think-tanks and organizations that can accelerate progress towards the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals.

The World Bank's Global Database of Shared Prosperity covers 83 countries, with 75 percent of the world's people, with most recent estimates available for 2013.

The goal of the SWIID is to meet the needs of those engaged in broadly cross-national research by maximizing the comparability of income inequality data.

Reported by the UN Division of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA), International migrant stocks are estimates of the total number of international migrants present in a given country at a particular time.

Ongoing Research

Income Inequality by Max Roser and Esteban Ortiz-Ospina conducted a study that demonstrates how inequality between incomes has changed over time, and how the level of inequality varies between different countries.

Review the racial and ethnic categories in the U.S. Census with a focus on how census categories affect opportunities to track racial and ethnic inequality.

A New York University-affiliated network of scholars of color who explore the relationship between digital technologies and race, ethnicity, and identity.

A University of California, Los Angeles research center working to “explain how racism and other social inequalities influence the health of diverse local, national and global populations.”

A program developing data-driven research, diagnostic tools, and policy recommendations that seeks to “enhance our understanding of group-based marginality and structures of opportunity.”


Inequality in OECD countries

Goal Partners

MingleLingo Foundation

Mingle Lingo is a student-run initiative in which students teach each other languages. The goal is to empower students in an increasingly internationalized world, using a hybrid of in-person and virtual sessions. has been tracking inequality-related news and views for nearly two decades. A project of the Institute for Policy Studies since 2011, the site aims to provide information and insights for readers ranging from educators and journalists to activists and policy makers.

We’re applying Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to measure and accelerate progress on the United Nations SDGs. » Learn more

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