38 percent of Africans live in extreme poverty.


Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.


Eradicate extreme poverty

By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day.


Reduce poverty by at least 50%

By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions.


Implement social protection systems

Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable.


Equal rights to ownership, basic services, technology and economic resources

By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance.


Build resilience to environmental, economic and social disasters

By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.


Mobilize resources to implement policies to end poverty

Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions.


Create pro-poor and gender-sensitive policy frameworks

Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions.

Current Situation

Extreme poverty, defined by the World Bank as living on less than $1.90 a day, affects 10% of the world population. While that number is down nearly 36%, 734 million people are living without very basic necessities.

The majority of the global poor, 79%, live in rural areas and lack access to quality education, with a poverty rate three times higher than those living in urban areas.

The economic and population losses from climate-related disasters and natural disasters are felt greatest by poverty-stricken countries, which have risen 151% since 1997, costing almost $3 trillion dollars and losing approximately 1.3 million lives. More than 90% of internationally reported deaths originate in lower income countries.

734 Mio

people living without basic necessities

79 %

of the global poor live in rural areas

Impact Opportunity

Despite having a job there are still about 8% of people that still live in extreme poverty; in Africa this statistic makes up 38% of the population. Studies show that education is one of the major contributors to reducing poverty in communities.

Yet, education remains elusive for thousands of children across the globe. Only ⅓ of all countries spend between 15-20% on education. Almost 250 million children are out of school because of cost, work, exploitation, distance, or any number of other factors.

By increasing the number of free or reduced cost schools that can be accessible to a larger portion of suffering communities, more children will benefit. Simply reducing illiteracy rates can help 171 million people out of extreme poverty.

Simply reducing illiteracy rates can help 171 million people out of extreme poverty.


Shared Datasets

The latest poverty and inequality indicators compiled from officially recognized sources with national, regional and global estimates.

A list of equitable data sets, research and reports from UNICEF Office of Innovation to support programmes, campaigns, and initiatives.

Datasets and projects designed to increase empathy for often impoverished victims of far-away disasters.

Ongoing Research

New research published by the UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research warns that the economic fallout from the global pandemic could increase global poverty by as much as half a billion people.

Published by Max Roser and Esteban Ortiz-Ospina, the research is concerned with the living conditions of the worst off: those who live in extreme poverty.


Goal Partners


UNICEF works in over 190 countries and territories to save children’s lives, to defend their rights, and to help them fulfil their potential, from early childhood through adolescence.

Safe Births + Healthy Homes

Safe Births + Healthy Homes (SB+HH) solar-electrifies off-grid health clinics and donates solar lights to new moms and babies for use at home and has helped more than 625,000 people in off-grid Africa gain access to solar energy in homes and health clinics.


Ekubirojs is committed to helping cities and their citizens transition to a healthier low-carbon, and circular economy. Their goal is to ensure citizens’ wellbeing through long-lasting homes that are safer, healthier and warmer.

Leveraging AI to measure and accelerate progress towards the pursuit of SDGs. Follow our progress and find out how you can get involved. See our work →

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